The globalization of the economy closely links to markets all over the world, and the mobilities of labor, goods and capital are liberalized through political implementations such as Free Trade Agreement and Economic Partnership Agreement. Particularly in the ASEAN countries, at the end of 2015, the leaders of 10 member-countries signed the "Kuala Lumpur Declaration" toward the inauguration of the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC: ASEAN Economic Community).
As a result of the declaration, tariffs on goods among member-countries in the region will be gradually eliminated and may reach zero as a Free Trade Area, and markets of ASEAN with 600 million people will be integrated step by step. One of the pillars of Blueprint (2007) which is the road map for AEC has an act "Single market and production base" (A5) and this part provides "Free flow of skilled labor." The part provides that besides goods, services, and even investment shall freely cross the borders, mobility of workers will be promoted in the area. What is noteworthy in this act is that it promotes only the mobility of "skilled labor."
This act is expected to have a great impact on Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Vietnam (collectively referred as "CLMV"), which are the principal counterparts and main targets of this program. As underdeveloped/developing economies in ASEAN, the CLMV is facing to challenges in "fostering talented personnel" in order to address human resource inflow / outflow problems.
This program encourages those countries to foster the growth of human resources and to contribute to a new society by acquiring the "fundamental power of the global soft-infrastructure." Those human resources shall obtain high skill and knowledge which are required for the coming borderless era.